The art exhibitions of galleries, clubs, and associations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries chronicle the emergence of New York City as an international center for the production of art and the art market. Ephemeral exhibition checklists, pamphlets, and catalogs from this period document artistic movements and artists of the time and of the past, economic markets, and the social and cultural history of New York and the United States.

Materials from the Frick Art Reference Library and the Brooklyn Museum Libraries and Archives compose the Documenting the Gilded Age digital collection. 

This website represents the first phase of the Documenting the Gilded Age digitization project. For information about and to view items from the second phase, see For information about and to view items from the third phase, see

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Annual exhibition of American paintings. 1893.


Exhibition catalog cover, Union League Club.